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Nebula level02 write-up

Level02 is about command injection. We are given the following vulnerable code: #include <stdlib.h> #include <unistd.h> #include <string.h> #include <sys/types.h> #include <stdio.h> int main(int argc, char **argv, char **envp) { char *buffer; gid_t gid; uid_t uid; gid = getegid(); uid = geteuid(); setresgid(gid, gid, gid); setresuid(uid, uid, uid); buffer = NULL; asprintf(&buffer, "/bin/echo %s is cool", getenv("USER")); printf("about to call system(\"%s\")\n", buffer); system(buffer); } As shown in the code, the program will use the USER environment variable to build the command executed by system so all we need to do is inject our getflag command: